Christie's /Jun 27, 2017
€2,847,218.74 - €3,986,106.24
Artworks in Arcadja542
Some works of Alexej Von JawlenskyExtracted between 542 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Auction: Lempertz -Dec 1, 2017 - CologneLot number: 339
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Alexej von Jawlensky, Stilleben N. 21, 1936 Monogrammed in red 'A. J.' lower left and dated '36' lower right. Signed, dated and titled 'A. Jawlensky 1936. II. N 21.' in black India ink on the card verso.Along with his famous \“Abstrakte Köpfe\” and the \“Meditationen\” that developed out of them, Alexej von Jawlensky ushered in the last great period of his work with numerous still lifes of flowers. Although they appear more or less sporadically in his oeuvre prior to 1934, Jawlensky accorded them almost equal standing in the second half of the 1930s.Similarly to the \“Variationen\” he created during the World War I, whose origins lay in his view from a single window of his house in St Prex, Jawlensky repeatedly turned his gaze to the flower vases standing on the window sill of his studio (see reference photo) for his floral still lifes. As with his previous themes, Jawlensky varied a basic formal pattern again and again in his small-format still lifes of flowers, in which a serial principle is once again recognisable. The still life offered here is dominated by an intense chromatic triad of red, blue and yellow, which corresponds with an arrangement consisting of three vases varying in size and shape. The simplification of the forms accompanied by the use of primarily vertical brushstrokes is characteristic. As Jawlensky writes in a letter of 1937 to Galka Scheyer, what he was concerned with in his floral still lifes was simultaneously depicting what he saw and what his soul caught sight of (see M. Jawlensky/Pieroni-Jawlensky/A. Jawlensky, Alexej von Jawlensky: Catalogue Raisonné of the Oil Paintings, Volume Three 1934 - 1937, p. 13).
Auction: Germann -Nov 21, 2017 - ZurichLot number: 878
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Description: Lithograph. (Frame). Signed lower right: Ax. Jawlensky. Dimensions: H 415 mm W 538 mm. Artist or Maker: Jawlensky Alexej von, 1864-1941 (RUS) Date: approx. 1920 Notes: Sheet with handling creases. Restored tear in upper margin. Literature: Detlef Rosenbach. Alexej von Jawlensky, Leben und druckgraphisches Werk. Hannover, Edition Rosenbach, 1985. No. 9, Illustration page 103. Annotation: The lithograph has been printed after a chalk drawing, conceived around 1912
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Sale 2454 Lot 447 ALEXEJ JAWLENSKY Kopf. Lithograph with hand coloring in crayons, circa 1922. 280x235 mm; 11x9 1/4 inches, full margins. Signed in pencil, lower right. Born in Russia, Jawlensky (1864-1941) moved to Munich in 1896 where he would become a central figure in early German Expressionist circles. Jawlensky traveled to Paris after the turn of the century where he was heavily influenced by the Fauves, particularly Hebri Matisse. He then worked alongside Wassily Kandinsky and Gabriele Münter in Murnau, Germany beginning in 1908, leading to his involvement with the artist's circle Der Blau Reiter in Munich. Jawlensky revistied his Mystical Heads series, to which the current lot relates, throughout his career with increasing abstraction.
Auction: Christie's -Jun 27, 2017 - LondonLot number: 17
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Alexej von Jawlensky (1864-1941) Infantin (Spanierin) signed 'A. Jawlensky' (lower left); signed, dated and inscribed 'N1 O Spanierin 1913 A. Jawlensky' (on the reverse) oil on board 21 x 19 1/2 in. (53.4 x 49.5 cm.) Painted in 1912-1913 Executed in bold swathes of vibrant colour, Alexej Jawlensky's Infantin (Spanierin) belongs to the brief yet dynamic period of creative activity that began with the artist\’s stylistic epiphany on the Baltic coast in 1911 and ended with the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Referring to this period as \‘the turning-point\’ in his art, Jawlensky believed that the works he produced during this period were among the most powerful of all his artistic achievements. Focusing almost exclusively on portraits of female sitters, the paintings of these years are characterised by simplified forms, juxtapositions of vibrant, complementary colours, gestural brushstrokes and stark outlines as he sought to emancipate the artistic image from its resemblance to nature. As the artist later recalled in his memoirs, during these years he \‘painted large figure paintings in powerful, glowing colours and not at all naturalistic or objective. I used a great deal of red, blue, orange, yellow, and chromium-oxide green. My forms were strongly contoured and came with tremendous power from an inner ecstasy\’ (Jawlensky, quoted in C. Weiler, Jawlensky: Heads Faces Meditations, New York, 1971, p 98). During these years, Jawlensky produced many portraits of figures dressed colourfully or in exotic attire, his fascination with cultural types crossing a spectrum of identities, from the women of Sicily, to figures such as Barbarian Princess, 1912, Byzantine Woman, 1913, and Creole Woman, 1913. Amongst these were several studies of Spanish women, often wearing a traditional black lace mantilla, or draped in diaphanous veils and adorned with colourful flowers in their hair. In these works, Jawlensky may be seen to be reacting to a widespread vogue for Spanish themes in European art that the artist likely encountered through his close contact with the Fauves in Paris. For most of the 19th century, an orientalist fantasy of Spanish culture pervaded French music, literature and theatre, producing notable works such as Manet's Mademoiselle V in the Costume of an Espada, 1862, and Young Woman Reclining in Spanish Costume, 1862-1863. By the early Twentieth Century, the idea of an exotic and colourful Iberian culture had carried over into works by Matisse, Derain, Vlaminck and their colleagues, which Jawlensky saw when he exhibited six paintings at the Salon d'Automne in 1905. Indeed, the expressive colour, dark outlines, and decorative flowers in the present painting echo Matisse's Spanish Woman with a Tambourine, 1909, now housed in the collections of the Pushkin Museum, Moscow. Jawlensky's penchant for painting costumed figures in this period may also relate to his contact with the expatriate Russian modern dancer, Alexander Sacharoff and his wife, Clotilde von Derp. Seeking out the experimental, intellectual climate that had attracted Jawlensky to Munich at the turn of the century, Sacharoff joined the Neue Künstlervereinigung (New Artist's Association) that Jawlensky, Wassily Kandinsky, Gabriele Münter, Marianne von Werefkin and others had founded in 1909. The members of this group, many of whom later formed the Blaue Reiter, enthusiastically greeted his sensual and androgynous approach to dance as an expression of the self. Posing with the Jawlenskys in a group photo from a fancy dress ball in 1913, Clotilde von Derp appears in a Spanish costume complete with shawl, fan, and veil, while Sacharoff wears an elaborate sash and white turban with a large black feather. The exotic costumes from the couple's performances also became the subject of numerous paintings and drawings by Jawlensky and Marianne von Werefkin. As Jawlensky recalled in 1937: \‘In those days we were always together and he visited us almost every day. We discussed his entire training together. I always watched how he danced. He also knew and understood my art very well\’ (quoted in ibid, p.106). In Infantin (Spanierin), the artist\’s future wife, Helene Neznakomova, is cast in the role of the Spanish woman adorned with a bright blue headdress or shawl while four large blooms frame her face, their stems tucked into her hair. Helene was a figure of great importance in Jawlensky\’s life, his model, muse, and lover who became the inspiration for many of his greatest works. Alexej and Helene had first met when she was just fourteen years old, while the artist was visiting the family estate of his companion and mistress, Marianne von Werefkin. The daughter of a merchant family of the Werefkin\’s acquaintance, Helene was also staying with the family at the time, and subsequently accompanied Marianne and Jawlensky back to Munich, as Marianne\’s personal maid. Jawlensky and Helene soon began a relationship, which grew over a number of years and culminated in the birth of the couple\’s son, Andreas, in 1902. For much of their relationship the pair continued to live with Marianne, in a complex ménage a trois, which only came to an end in the 1920s. While Helene sat for Jawlensky throughout their relationship, many of the artist\’s portraits of his partner eschewed an accurate portrayal of her features, and instead used her form as a conduit through which he could explore the spiritual concerns of his art. This is evident in the present work, where Helene\’s face is elongated, her eyes enlarged to preternatural proportions to emphasize the power of her gaze, and her features captured in an array of vibrant, expressive strokes of paint. The electric blue veil enveloping her, meanwhile, appears as a halo, surrounding her head in a luminous shimmer of bright colour, which is echoed in the shadows that dance across her face. By reducing traces of his sitter\’s individuality, expunging the idiosyncrasies of her appearance in pursuit of a more generalised character, Helene\’s heavily stylised and geometric facial features appear mask-like. This allows Jawlensky to use his model as a vehicle for his own experimentations in expressing an inner, subjective vision of the world, rendering her as an archetypal character rather than an identifiable person. As a result, Jawlensky frees himself from the need to slavishly reproduce an accurate representation of Helene\’s appearance and character, instead creating a blank canvas upon which he can project his own personal view of the world. It is a tribute to the strength of Jawlensky\’s vision that many of the people who came into contact with him would become devotees, his intense spiritualism and profound, almost religious, belief in his art proving hugely influential. One of the artist\’s greatest supporters was Emmy 'Galka' Scheyer, the first owner of Infantin (Spanierin). Galka entered Jawlensky's orbit as a student, but was so impressed by his approach to painting that she abandoned her own efforts, realising that she could never attain such a purity of intent or level of genius in her painting. Instead, she devoted herself to promoting Jawlensky's work, becoming the artist\’s principal dealer in America during the 1920s and 30s. Their friendship ultimately led to the creation of The Blue Four, a small group of artists that included Jawlensky, Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger and Paul Klee, its name chosen to allude to the artists\’ previous association with the Blaue Reiter group. While The Blue Four was not an official association, through it Galka sought to make the work and ideas of these artists better known to an American audience through exhibitions, lectures and sales. Her promotion of the Blue Four during this period proved indispensable to Jawlensky, providing him with not only an essential source of income, but also a wealth of intellectual and emotional support when he needed it most.
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Description: Alexei von Jawlensky (German/Russian 1864-1941), Study for "Spanierin," gouache on paper, signed lower right, sheet: 10.5"h x 7.5"w, overall (with frame): 18.25"h x 15.5"w. Provenance: Provate collection Las Vegas, NV; Estate of Northern California art dealers, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Pyle (Morro Bay/San Francisco, CA). Note: Accompanied by COA