Christie's /Apr 29, 2013
€114,670.13 - €191,116.89
Artworks in Arcadja60
Some works of Georgios JakobidesExtracted between 60 works in the catalog of Arcadja
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Georgios Jakobides (Chidira/Lesbos 1853–1932 Athens) Apples and quinces on a silver tray, signed G. Jakobides, oil on canvas, 41 x 59 cm, framed, (W) Provenance: Theodor Stroefer Collection (1843–1927), Nuremberg; his heirs; Weinmüller auction, Munich, 15 July 1937, lot 35 (unsold); Weinmüller auction, Vienna, 15 December 1943, lot 748; Private Collection, Vienna. The painter Georgios Jakobides, born on the island of Lesbos, received his artistic training at the Academy of Athens. Thanks to a grant awarded to the young painter, from 1833 he was able to attend the Munich Academy, where he came into artistic contact with the school of Karl Piloty (1826–1886). His works captivated viewers with their academic naturalism, yet still possessed a great diversity in their colouring. Jakobides garnered particular attention for his humorous depictions of children, which he used as an ever-returning motif until the death of his wife. In 1878, with fellow painter Toby Edward Rosenthal (1848–1917), he founded a school of painting which was open primarily to women, since access to the Academy was forbidden to them at this time. Prompted by his reputation, which extended far beyond Germany, the Kingdom of Greece commissioned him to set up and enlarge a state art collection. This collection still constitutes today the basis of the National Gallery in Athens. Jakobides’’’’’’’’s work captivates its viewers through its academically trained, realistic style, which enjoyed great popularity with the public in those years. He was not unbiased towards new artistic trends such as Impressionism, and not until later on can tendencies of modernism be detected in his work.
Auction: Auctionata -Dec 7, 2015 - BerlinLot number: 28
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Georgios Jakobides, Grandmother and Grandchild, Oil, 1886 Oil on canvas Germany, 1886 Georgios Jakobides (1853-1932) – Greek painter and a representative of the Munich School Literature: Olga Mentzafou-Polyzou, G. Jakobides-Retrospective, National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum, Athens 2005, No. 42, No. 44 Literature: Olga Mentzafou-Polyzou, G. Jakobides-Retrospective, National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum, Athens 2005, No. 42, No. 44 We thank Mr. Dr. Horst Ludwig, Munich for the scientific counseling Dimensions: 65 x 47 cm Framed: 98 x 81 cm Good condition Provenance: Private collection, Berlin, Zehlendorf; through heritage in a private collection in Hamburg A reduced version of the painting “Grandmother and grandchild”, which is to be found in Museo Civico Revoltella, Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Triest. On the opinion of the expert Dr. Horst Ludwig this is an isochoric version of the painting from Triest.
Auction: Bonhams -Apr 9, 2014 - LondonLot number: 11
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Georgios Jakobides (Greek, 1852-1932) Naughty grandson signed 'G.Jakobides' (upper left) oil on canvas 38.5 x 30 cm. Footnotes Painted after 1884. PROVENANCE: Private collection, Athens. LITERATURE: O. Mentzafou-Polyzou, Jakobides , Adam editions, Athens 1999, no. 68, p. 72 (illustrated). Georgios Jakobides Retrospective, exhibition catalogue, National Gallery - A. Soutzos Museum, Athens 2005, no. 39, p. 151 (illustrated). Never had a painter celebrated so much the loving relationship between children and the elderly, this special bond that bridges generations and effortlessly passes on such important values as language, experience and wisdom, than Jakobides, the great 19th century master and keen observer of human nature. The artist was fascinated by the multifaceted contrast between the children's tender and glowing flesh and the wrinkled aged faces scarred by the ravages of time and the predicaments of life. 1 As noted by O. Mentzafou-Polyzou, who prepared the artist's monograph, Jakobides portrayed the special relation between grandfather and grandchild by achieving equal presence in the two figures and by capturing the dual expression on the elderly man's face pain from having his sideburns roughly pulled and joy from participating in the life of his grandchild. 2 In 1886, around the time he painted the Bonhams picture, Jakobides wrote: "I seek a comical contrast arising from the grouping of two or three persons of different sex or age, always trying to blend, as much as possible, the natural with the beautiful." As early as the 1880s, Jakobides, this leading exponent of the Munich School, had already established his reputation in the Bavarian world especially due to his childhood scenes. The artist had been recognised as the quintessential kindermaler (child painter) precisely because he managed to look beyond beautified sentimental stereotypes and capture a wide variety of expressions, from the most subtle and evocative, as in Girl Reading (sold by Bonhams, Greek Sale, 20.5.2008), to the most contorted, as in Naughty Grandson. Here, the excellent draughtsmanship, the harmonious unity of facial expression and body language and the overall sense of genuineness and lively presence capture with great psychological insight the archetypal bonding between grandfather and grandchild, raising it above personal experience to a level of universality. As uniquely put by the great writer Pavlos Nirvanas, "the miracle of childhood is not something that anybody can capture on canvas. The painters who have managed to capture this miracle and fix it on a flat surface are but few. One of them is Jakobides." 3 1 . See Georgios Jakobides Retrospective, exhibition catalogue, National Gallery - A. Soutzos Museum, Athens 2005, p. 12; Georgios Jakobides (1853-1932) The Painter of Childhood , 2006 Calendar, National Gallery - A. Soutzos Museum. 2 . See O. Mentzafou-Polyzou, Jakobides, the Painter of Children in Georgios Jakobides Retrospective, exhibition catalogue, National Gallery - A. Soutzos Museum, p. 146. 3 . P. Nirvanas, ,The Painter of Children [in Greek], Pinakothiki journal, 12 (1912-13), pp. 100-101.
Auction: Christie's -Apr 29, 2013 - New-yorkLot number: 17
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Georgios Jakobides (Greek, 1852-1932) Portrait of a Girl signed in Greek 'G. Jakobides' (upper right) oil on canvas 32 x 25½ in. (81.2 x 64.7 cm.) The family of the artist. Private collection, Athens, circa 1950, acquired directly from the above. Acquired from the above by the present owner. THE PROPERTY OF A GREEK COLLECTOR One of the leading Greek artists of his day, Georgios Jakobides began his training under the formidable direction of Nikiforos Lytras. Under Lytras' instruction at the School of Fine Arts in Athens, Jakobides became a deft draftsman and colorist known for his genre scenes that celebrated Greek identity and folk traditions. In 1877, Jakobides made the decision to follow in his master's footsteps; he moved to Munich to study first-hand the work of those artists who had influenced Lytras' own development when he was a student at the Bavarian capital's Academy of Fine Arts. By the time of Jakobides' arrival in Munich, the city had become an important cultural center; much like Paris, it drew in an international roster of both established and emerging artists. Attracted by the Munich Academy's distinctive bold form of realism, Gustave Courbet, William Merrit Chase, John Twachtman and others all flocked to the city in the late 19th century. In Munich, Jakobides worked under the tutelage of Karl Theodor Piloty, whose dramatic lighting and use of color, became an enduring influence on the aspiring Greek artist. Jakobides also immersed himself in the paintings of the emotive realist Wilhelm Leibl. Leibl's respectful and perspicacious rendering of provincial German life reverberates in Jakobides' interpretation of similar subjects. The vibrant cultural life that Jakobides found in Munich inspired the maturing artist and compelled him to remain in the city for more than two decades. Jakobides' success abroad did not go unnoticed at home. In 1900 he was asked to return to Athens to become the first Director of the National Gallery as well as a professor at the School of Fine Arts where he had begun his studies with Lytras. Despite his prolonged absence, Jakobides thus came to hold significant influence over Greece's artistic climate at the beginning of the 20th century. In addition, he became one of the most sought after portraitists among the city's elite. The present painting of a formal portrait of a bourgeois girl was most likely executed during this later period in Jakobides' career. While her identity remains unknown, she is either the daughter of one of Jakobides' many well-to-do clients who included politicians, businessman, intellectuals and even the Greek royal family or the artist's own niece to whom she bears a striking resemblance. Unlike Jakobides' depictions of peasant children who often appear joyful and uninhibited, his bourgeois children are composed and reserved in their expressions, conforming to the expectations of their class (fig. 1). This young girl sits, like so many of Jakobides' bourgeois models, in a plush armchair set against a dark background. She holds vibrant red flowers, rather than a book that Jakobides often included in his portraits of mature sitters, perhaps to suggest her blooming youth. The flowers' brilliant red interrupts the otherwise dark, monochromatic painting and serves as a unifying device as the color echoes in the girl's flushed cheeks and plump lips as well as in the upholstery of the armchair. While clearly a formal portrait, the girl sits slightly askew. Rather than holding a rigid upright position, she leans to her right, implying a youthful insouciance. The most striking aspect of the work, however, found in the best examples of Jakobides' portraits, is the girl's penetrating gaze that engages the viewer from every angle.
Auction: Bonhams -May 22, 2012 - LondonLot number: 1
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Georgios Jakobides (Greek, 1852-1932) Allegorical composition signed 'G.JAKOBIDES' (lower right) oil on panel 25 x 35.5 cm. Painted in 1889. EXHIBITED: Athens, National Gallery and Museum of Alexander Soutzos, Jakobides Retrospective , 14 November 2005-30 January 2006 (illustrated in the exhibition catalogue curated by Olga Mentzanfou-Polyzou, p. 136, no 15). LITERATURE: O. Mentzafou-Polyzou, Jakobides , Adam Editions, Athens 1999, p. 61 (illustrated). A.Kotidis, Greek Art, 19th Century Painting , Ekdotike Athenon editions, Athens 1995, no 118, pp. 241-242 (discussed), p. 148 (illustrated).