Artworks in Arcadja2
Some works of Robert HayExtracted between 2 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Auction: Christie's -Nov 4, 2010 - LondonLot number: 191
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Robert Hay (Berwickshire 1799-1863 East Lothian) A 360 o panorama from the hills of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna,Egypt, illustrating landmarks in the surrounding area such as theRamesseum, the Colossi of Memnon, the Temple of Seti I and theShrine of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna with inscription 'Thebes' (on the reverse) pencil and brown wash, on paper, one sheet watermarked 'J WHATMANTURKEY MILL 1828', on six joined (overlaid) sheets, unframed 20 1/8 x 122.75 in. (51.1 x 311.8 cm.) The drawing provides a panoramic view of the area in Egyptaround the ancient city of Thebes and appears to have been executedon the top of the Sheikh Abd el-Qurna hills. It is of greatimportance as a record of the area and its landmarks; from left toright the sheets are filled with detailed illustrations ofbuildings, many of which have now been destroyed or partiallyruined. In the second sheet from the left (2) is depicted TheTemple of Seti I, with the city of Karnak on the horizon next tothe Nile. At the left of the third sheet (3) is the Ramesseum, themortuary temple of Ramesses II, with the Colossi of Memnon beyondto the right, and an important, now destroyed, Coptic building atthe foot of the hills in the centre foreground. On the horizon, onthe bank of the Nile, is the city of Luxor. Covering the joinbetween the third and fourth sheets (3 and 4), tucked behind thehills, is Medinet Habu, incorporating the mortuary temple ofRamesses III. Furthest to the right (6) is the Deir el-Baharicomplex (at the foot of the cliffs) and on the top of the hills isdepicted the Shrine of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna. The Valley of the Kingslies behind the Theban mountain range to the west (6), and theValley of the Queens is tucked in behind the Qurn (the pyramidalhill) (5). The drawing also shows now-lost houses in which two distinguishedEgyptologists stayed; in the centre foreground, below theRamesseum, is a mud-brick house with an enclosure wall (3), whichwas resided in by the pioneer Egyptologist Sir John GardnerWilkinson (1797-1875). To the left is a house with a crenellatedtower (2), built by Henry Salt (1780-1827), British Consol-Generalin Cairo at this time, who was a keen collector of Egyptianartefacts and sponsored the excavations of Thebes and Abu Simbel,and lived in by his excavator Giovanni ('Yanni') d'Athanasi(1798-1854). The watermark at the top of sheet six indicates that the drawingwas executed some time after 1828. The nineteenth-century was oneof the most important times for archaeological excavation andinvestigation in the area around Thebes and the Valley of theKings. The renowned Egyptologist, Robert Hay (1799-1863) first visitedEgypt in 1818, whilst serving in the Royal Navy. He returned in1824 and stayed there for four years until returning briefly toScotland in 1828, when he might have purchased his new Whatmanpaper before going back to Egypt where he remained until 1834.While working in Thebes, Hay resided in various different locationsaround the site such as a vaulted granary in the Ramesseum or inrooms in a temple at Medinet Habu. Hay worked with a team ofartists and architects who helped him record the site, includingthe architect Joseph Bonomi (1796-1878), the artist FrederickCatherwood (1799-1854) and one of England's leading scholars inArabic, Edward William Lane (1801-1876). Hay oversaw the executionof detailed drawings of monuments and tomb decorations with briefdescriptions and often including architectural plans. Hay's owntalents were employed executing panoramic views of the area such asthe Appleby drawing. At the time of his death Hay had still not published his findingsand the majority of his work, including two comparable 360opanoramas, dated 1826, and made with the use of a camera lucida(like the present drawing), are now in the British Library. Theseare of a similar size to this drawing, but were executed in pencil,unlike the Appleby drawing which has been elaborated with brownwash. During his time in Egypt, Hay had become a friend andcolleague of Gardner Wilkinson, who in 1830, much to Hay's dismay,published The Topography of Thebes and General Survey of Egypt,which included detailed maps of the area and drawings of everyknown tomb. However, the accuracy of the drawings executed by Hayand his team at Thebes and elsewhere in Egypt has lead to theirstill being used by archaeologists today in order to reconstructancient buildings that have subsequently fallen into disrepair orbeen destroyed. We are very grateful to James Ede, Martin Davies, Dr Patricia Usickof the British Museum and Caroline Simpson of the Qurna HistoryProject for their help in cataloguing the presentwatercolour.
Auction: Sotheby's -May 8, 2008 - LondonLot number: 101
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DESCRIPTION Folio (532 x 365mm.), lithographed additional title, dedication and 29 plates, one with 2 images, 15 with later hand colouring, contemporary half calf, loose, lacking title and text, binding somewhat worn