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Muhammad Hasan

(1700 -  1800 )
HASAN Muhammad Mother And Child

Sotheby's
Oct 12, 2004
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Along with Muhammad Hasan, our clients also searched for the following authors:
Asadullah Al-Husayni, Mihr Ali, Mirza Baba Al-Husayni, Sayyid Muhammad Al Husayni Al Imami, Mubarak Ibn Mahmud Al-Qajar, Muhammad Shirin
Artworks in Arcadja
4

Some works of Muhammad Hasan

Extracted between 4 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Muhammad Hasan -  Album

Muhammad Hasan - Album

Original
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Lot number: 235
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
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Lot No: 235

An album page of
découpé
calligraphy, copied by 'Ali and signed by the artist Muhammad Hasan
The Deccan Sultanates, probably Bijapur, circa 1630-40

the text composed of a quatrain in Arabic written horizontally in elegant
nasta'liq
script in white on a black ground decorated with an intertwining floral motif in white, on paper, slightly trimmed and rubbed otherwise in good condition, inner margins ruled in colours and gold, outer borders of gold-sprinkled cream-coloured paper, signed in Arabic
katabahu 'Ali
and
kati'uha Muhammad Hasan
, in mount, original backboards with the stamp of the dealer E. Beghian, label of the International Persian Art Exhibition, London 1931, chalked numbers corresponding to other pieces lent by Beghian
200 x 100 mm.; album page 315 x 200 mm.

, € 12,000 - 17,000
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Footnote:

Provenance:
Private UK collection, inherited by the present owner circa 1980. E. Beghian of 37 Berkeley Street, London W1, was the lender of a number of pieces, from manuscripts and miniatures to arms and armour and other objects, to the International Exhibition of Persian Art held at the Royal Academy in London in 1931. The numbers on the backboards correspond with two Persian miniatures in the exhibition catalogue, and there is nothing else amongst the Beghian pieces which corresponds to these two découpé album pages. It therefore appears that Beghian reused the backboards and frames from other, Persian, pieces when he sold the present lot and the one following (lot 236). The quatrain is addressed to Qanbar, the slave freed by the Imam 'Ali who was put to death by al-Hajjaj because of his loyalty to his master. The first two verses translate as follows: Oh Qanbar, you were mine yesterday, and today you have become like me . The verses combine elements of Shi'ism, mysticism and Sufism which would have been recited at the court in Bijapur in the 17th century. Shi'ism was the state religion, and Bijapur was the centre of Sufism. Under the Adil Shahi dynasty, and in particular the reigns of Ibrahim Adil Shah II (1580-1627) and Muhammad Adil Shah (1627-57), the city became the centre of learning known as the 'second Baghdad', and most of the sultans were men of letters who patronized teachers and scholars. The royal library employed sixty calligraphers, illuminators and binders, and it would have been the most likely place for the production of high-quality pieces such as these two album pages. Dr. Barbara Brend observes that the choice of white cut-out paper on a black ground reminds one of the technique of mother-of-pearl inlaid into basalt in Bidar and the whole tradition of Bidri metalwork where silver is used on a dark ground. An unusual feature is that the background double scroll is given as much weight as the script. Similar scrolls can be found in manuscript illumination and carpet designs: compare a page of illumination (f.2b) from the Kulliyat of Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Sultan, Golconda, circa 1590-1600 in the Salar Jang Museum, Hyderabad (see M. Zebrowski, Deccani Painting , London 1983, p. 159, fig. 121). Also compare the scroll work to that on a silk velvet carpet, Mughal, circa 1620 in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (see S. C. Welch, India: Art and Culture 1300–1900 , New York 1985, pp. 206-207, no. 136).
Contact the Specialist
to discuss this lot or selling in a future sale Email: Matthew Thomas Tel: +44 20 7468 8270 To subscribe to or order a Printed Catalogue quote ref: 18801 Tel: +44 (0) 1666 502 200
Muhammad Hasan - A Girl Of The Harem Seated Holding A Mirror, Adorning Herself With Jewellery

Muhammad Hasan - A Girl Of The Harem Seated Holding A Mirror, Adorning Herself With Jewellery

Attributed 1810-30
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Lot number: 77
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Description:
A girl of the harem seated holding a mirror, adorning herself with jewellery, attributed to Muhammad Hasan Qajar Persia, circa 1810-30 oil on canvas, framed, later inscription Muhammad Hasan in nasta'liq script at centre left 141 x 90 cm. Footnotes
Muhammad Hasan -  Album

Muhammad Hasan - Album

Attributed
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Net Price
Lot number: 236
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
A découpé album page depicting a stylised vase of naturalistic flowers with a grasshopper and moths alighting on leaves, glass and metal vessels in the foreground flanked by two ducks and irises, attributed to the artist Muhammad Hasan
The Deccan Sultanates, probably Bijapur, circa 1630-40
découpé and appliqué drawing of white, pink, blue, brown and gold paper on a black ground, slightly trimmed and faded otherwise in good condition, inner margins ruled in colours and gold, outer borders of pink paper, in mount, original backboards with stamp of the dealer E. Beghian, pasted label of the International Exhibition of Persian Art, London 1931, chalked numbers corresponding to pieces lent by Beghian
200 x 100 mm.; album page 312 x 200 mm.
Private UK collection: inherited by the present owner circa 1980. See note to previous lot regarding the dealer E. Beghian. The fashion for découpé and appliqué work began in Timurid Persia in the 15th century and was mainly confined to album pages of calligraphy. However, it reached its climax in Ottoman Turkey in the second half of the 16th century and was to last until the 18th, when découpé gardens, flowers, animals and birds began to be included in albums. The close cultural and commercial ties between Persia, Turkey and the Deccan can be seen in the architecture, metalwork, carpets, the arts of the book and miniature paintings in Bijapur in the 17th century. Although Persian and Turkish influence can be observed in this album page of découpage, it has been attributed to the Deccan for several reasons. The naturalistic treatment of the irises, the grass and the ducks in the foreground, and the placement of the blades of grass in the neck of the vase points to the Deccan rather than Persia and Turkey. The shape of the vase is directly taken from that of the Deccani pilgrim flask with its voluted terminals, and the gilt paper lappet of trefoil form which indicates the junction of the neck and body. Stylized vase drawings can be seen in abundance in Deccani miniature paintings and in the decoration of palaces, mosques and other public buildings. There is a striking resemblance between this vase drawing and one made of gesso depicted in a panel adorning the mihrab of the Jami Masjid at Bijapur which is dated 1635 (see catalogue illustration; and see also K. Robbins & J. Mcleod, African Elites of India–Habshi Amarat , India 2006, p. 101, no. 85). Another comparable vase can be found in a mosaic panel in the Badshahi Ashurkhana at Hyderabad, datable to 1611, and finally to a vase with arabesques in painted plasterwork, Asar Mahal, Bijapur, 17th Century (see G. Michell and M. Zebrowski, Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates , Cambridge 1999, figs. 12 and 15 (Badshahi Ashurkhana)). The glass wine flask and goblets are very similar to those depicted in a miniature of a garden gathering with a prince in a green jama , by Bichitr, Mughal, circa 1630, from the Minto Album in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin (see E. Wright, Murraqqa': Imperial Mughal Albums from the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin , Alexandria, Virginia 2008, pp. 319-20, no. 43). Another similar glass wine flask and goblets appear beside the Emperor Jahangir (reigned 1605-27) in the large, life-size painting dated 1617, offered in this sale (lot 322). Because of the delicate and fragile nature of such découpé work and the harsh Indian climate, it is almost impossible for such pieces to have survived, therefore making these two album pages extremely rare.
Muhammad Hasan - Mother And Child

Muhammad Hasan - Mother And Child

Attributed
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Gross Price
Lot number: 24
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