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Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari

(1817 -  1866 )
GHAFFARI Abu'l Hasan F - Portrait Of Yusif Mustawfi Al-mamalik And Two Officials, Signed By Mirza Abu'l-hasan Khan Naqqash Bashi , Dated A.h.1274/a.d.1857-58

Sotheby's
Apr 30, 2003
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Artworks in Arcadja
8

Some works of Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari

Extracted between 8 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Embracing Lovers

Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Embracing Lovers

Original -
Estimate:

Price:

Gross Price
Lot number: 67
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
EMBRACING LOVERS SCHOOL OF ABU'L HASAN GHAFFARI, QAJAR IRAN, SECOND HALF 19TH CENTURY Gouache on paper, two lovers lie on the floor in amorous embrace, the man wearing red and white floral robe and the woman in green jacket and dark shirt, other clothes strewn around them, behind them a series of windows with elaborate geometric frames, one window open and with three housemaids peering in, one brandishing a duster and another a stick, the interior with European-style chair and large white cushion, laid down on gold-speckled blue ground, trimmed, some old creases and one side unfinished Painting 8¾ x 13 3/8in. (22.3 x 34cm.); folio 12 x 14 7/8in. (30.5 x 37.8cm.)
Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - A Portrait Of A Seated Nobleman

Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - A Portrait Of A Seated Nobleman

Original 1855
Estimate:

Price:

Gross Price
Lot number: 158
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
A portrait of a seated nobleman, signed by Abu'l Hasan Ghaffari, Persia, Qajar, dated 1272 AH/1855 AD

gouache on paper, signature above right shoulder in red nasta'liq script 'raqam Abu'l Hasan Naqqash Bashi Kashani Ghaffari, sana 1272' (1855 AD), laid down on an album page with red border with stepped motif, outer margins of large gold scrolling vines against a blue ground

drawing: 22.2 by 18.4cm.

leaf: 37.5 by 24.4cm.

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Saleroom Notice

Provenance

Christie's London, 8 October 1991, lot 138

Born in 1812 in Kashan, Ghaffari joined a family who had been practising art for generations. Aged fifteen he was apprenticed to Mihr 'Ali, assuming the role of official court painter for Muhammad Shah. From 1845-50, he studied painting in Italy and upon his return he was promoted tonaqqash bashi. Ghaffari was a master draughtsman whose naturalistic style introduced an emotional realism to Qajar portraiture, combining influences from European Renaissance works whilst retaining the traditional Persian approach in his attention to detail and pattern. In 1861, Ghaffari was appointed Sani' ol-Mulk and assumed responsibilities including directing the Dar al-Funun college of art, the illustration of a monumental copy of A Thousand and One Nights, and the weekly governmental newspaper Sharaq.
The nobleman in the present portrait bears a certain similarity to Mohammad-Ebrahim Khan Saham ol-Molk, a military commander in Isfahan (see two other depictions of him in Y. Zoka, Life and Works of Sani\’\’ ol-Molk 1814-1866, Tehran, Iran University Press, 2003, p.80 and 114-5).
In fairly good overall condition, minor tear to upper right hand edge, top left with consolidated tears, slight buckling to miniature, miniature coming away slightly from album page, water stains to outer margins, as viewed. "In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."
Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Portrait Of 'ali Quli Mirza, I'tizad Al-sultaneh (1822-81)

Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Portrait Of 'ali Quli Mirza, I'tizad Al-sultaneh (1822-81)

Original
Estimate:

Price:

Gross Price
Lot number: 193
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
Gouache on paper, the young bearded man sits next to a window on a
dark wood chair, holding a walking stick in his left hand and
wearing a tall black hat, elegant red jacket with
boteh motif and green trousers, much of the background detail such as
floor cushions and panels on the wall sketched in pencil, laid down
on card
12 3/8 x 8¼in. (31.5 x 21cm.)
Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - F - Portrait Of Yusif Mustawfi Al-mamalik And Two Officials, Signed By Mirza Abu'l-hasan Khan Naqqash Bashi , Dated A.h.1274/a.d.1857-58

Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - F - Portrait Of Yusif Mustawfi Al-mamalik And Two Officials, Signed By Mirza Abu'l-hasan Khan Naqqash Bashi , Dated A.h.1274/a.d.1857-58

Original
Estimate:

Price:

Gross Price
Lot number: 36
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
abu'l-hasan ghaffari was appointed official court painter by muhammad shah qajar. he was a master draughtsman whose naturalistic style and incisive observation profoundly influenced the later qajar artists. he was sent to italy to study and returned to iran full of enthusiasm for the western approach to painting. under nasir al-din shah he was given the title sani\\`\\` al-mulk ('artist of the kingdom') and placed in charge of several important artistic projects including the illustration of a monumental copy of alf layla wa layla (thousand and one nights), the newly founded college of art (dar al-funun) and the weekly government newspaper. for another two portrait drawings by this artist, dating from the 1270's/1850's, see geneva 1985, no.190; and raby 1999, no.121. mirza yusif mustawfi al-mamalik, known as 'aqa', was titled mustawfi al-mamalik by muhammad shah. he held numerous influential posts during nasir al-din shah's reign including the minister of finance and prime minister. he died in 1303/1886. yusif is recorded to have been a patron to the artist abu'l-hasan ghaffari and to have been influential in having the artist sent to italy for studies (musée cernuschi, iran pièces du musée de téhéran, no.162).
gouache on paper, mounted on an album page with blue inner border, outer rules in colours and gold
album page 30.8 by 20.2cm. gouache drawing 23.2 by 15.2cm.
Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Jalal Al-din Mirza

Abu'L Hasan Ghaffari - Jalal Al-din Mirza

Attributed 1959
Estimate:

Price:

Gross Price
Lot number: 125
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
JALAL AL-DIN MIRZA, SON OF FATH 'ALI SHAH
ATTRIBUTABLE TO ABU\’\’\’\’L HASSAN GHAFFARI
SANI\’\’\’\’ AL-MULK
, QAJAR IRAN, DATED SHAWWAL AH 1275/MAY-JUNE 1859 AD
Oil on canvas, Jalal al-Din Mirza is depicted standing in an interior wearing tall black hat and gold embroidered robes, one hand resting on his jewelled belt, behind him a fringed curtain before a widow revealing a mountainous landscape, inscriptions in both Persian and French in the lower left hand corner, minor repairs, in heavy gilt frame
49 x 35in. (124.5 x 88.9cm.)
To the left of the figure,
shabih-e shahzade-ye azade jalal al-din mirza ibn fath-'ali shah qajar dar senn-e si salegy be-tarikh-e shahr-e shawwal al-mukarram sana 1275,
'Portrait of the noble Prince, Jalal al-Din Mirza ibn Fath 'Ali Shah Qajar, at the age of 30 years, on the date of the month of Shawwal al-Mukarram, in the year 1275/May-June 1859'
Jalal al-Din Mirza (1827-72) was a son of Fath \‘Ali Shah Qajar (r. 1797-1834). He was a Qajar historian and freethinker and the author of the
Nameh-i Khusravan
, one of the earliest examples of modern Iranian historiography in the Qajar period (http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/jalal-al-din-mirza).
A portrait of Prince Jalal al-Din Mirza, depicted face on and clean shaven, is published in Yahya Zoka,
Life and Works of Sani' ol-Molk, 1814-1866
, Tehran, 2003, fig.11, p.153. A much smaller portrait of the Prince standing in a landscape was sold in these Rooms, 9 October 2014, lot 71. As in our portrait, that painting depicted him with long moustache and closely shaven beard.
It seems very probable that this paining is the work of the court artist Abu\’\’\’\’l Hassan Ghaffari. In the fine rendering of Prince Jalal al-Din\’\’\’\’s countenance and the imposing presence of the figure, our painting has strong affinities with the artist\’\’\’\’s work of the 1850s and 60s. The heavily embroidered robe worn by our Prince bears strong resemblance to those modelled by Ardeshir Mirza in a portrait published by Layla Diba (Layla S. Diba (ed.),
Royal Persian Paintings. The Qajar Epoch 1785-1925
, exhibition catalogue, New York, 1998, fig.XXVIII, p.251) or in a portrait of the young Nasir al Din Shah, sold in these Rooms, 10 April 2014, lot 120. In the fine details of his facial features with the slightly hooded eyes, light wrinkling of the forehead and the curl of hair under his hat, the portrait recalls a painting of Imam Quli Khan \‘Imad al-Dawleh attributed to the artist by Layla Diba and dated to circa 1855-56 (Diba,
op.cit.
, no.80, p.252).
The work of Abu\’\’\’\’l Hassan demonstrates a change in the aesthetic of Qajar painting in the mid-19th century (Julian Raby,
Qajar Portraits
, exhibition catalogue, London, 1999, p.53). The artist began his career as a pupil of Mehr 'Ali, but none of his early works survive and it is therefore unclear as to whether his painting began in a style more typical of Fath 'Ali Shah's reign. He was appointed the
naqqashbashi
(chief painter) of the court of Muhammad Shah in 1842 (Yahya Zoka,
op.cit.
, Iran, 2003, p. 21) and was sent to study in Italy and Paris, a factor which began to manifest itself in a European-influenced realism in his work that was new to Persian painting. The expressive power of his portraits - as demonstrated here - led Abu\’\’\’\’l Hassan to the art of caricature and he became the illustrator to the court newspaper,
Ruznama-i vugayi-i ittifaqiya
. Alongside the more traditional depictions of Qajar nobles, he showed a capacity for the merciless caricature of their attendants and the religious classes (Julian Raby,
op. cit.
, p.53).
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