Christie's /Apr 22, 2015
€7,590.13 - €10,120.18
Artworks in Arcadja889
Some works of Paul GauguinExtracted between 889 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Auction: Sotheby's -Jun 24, 2015 - LondonLot number: 11
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Paul Gauguin 1848 - 1903 NATURE MORTE AUX MANGOS signed P. Gauguin (upper left) oil on canvas 30.4 by 47.4cm. 12 by 18 5/8 in. Painted circa 1891-96. Authentication To be included in the new edition of the Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre de Paul Gauguin being prepared under the sponsorship of the Wildenstein Institute. Provenance Alphonse Kann, St. Germain-en-Laye & London Michael Stewart, London (by inheritance from the above in 1948) Collection Laroche, Paris Private Collection, Switzerland Sale: Sotheby’’s, New York, 15th May 1984, lot 36 Private Collection, USA (purchased at the above sale. Sold: Sotheby’’s, London, 20th June 2005, lot 12) Purchased at the above sale by the present owner Exhibited St. Petersburg, Institut Français, Exposition centennale d’’art français, 1912, no. 226 Paris, Hôtel de la Curiosité et des Beaux Arts, 1re exposition de collectionneurs, 1924, no. 139 Paris, Le Portique, Gauguin, 1931, no. 17 Paris, Galerie Alfred Daber, Natures mortes françaises du XVIIe au XXe siècles, 1959, no. 36 London, The National Gallery, 2007-2015 (on loan) Literature Robert Rey, Gauguin, 1924, illustrated pl. 8 Herbert Furst, The Art of Still-Life Painting, London, 1927, illustrated Lee Van Dovski, Paul Gauguin oder die Flucht vor der Zivilisation, Zurich, 1950, no. 216, listed p. 346 (titled Nature morte aux fruits and as dating from 1890) Jean Taralon, Gauguin, 1953, fig. 59, illustrated p. 9 Georges Boudaille, Gauguin, Paris, 1963, illustrated in colour p. 229 Georges Wildenstein, Gauguin, Paris, 1964, no. 555, illustrated p. 228 Gabriele Mandel Sugana, L’’Opera completa di Gauguin, 1972, no. 359, illustrated Ingo F. Walther, Paul Gauguin, Cologne, 1988, illustrated in colour p. 70 Catalogue Note The present work was probably executed in Tahiti during Gauguin's first trip to the Island in 1891-93, although Georges Wildenstein (op. cit., p. 228) suggests that it may date to his second visit to the South Seas, circa 1896. Inspired by the lush environment that surrounded him, Nature morte aux mangos epitomises the artist’’s life-long search for the primitive and displays the same vividness and sensuous atmosphere and the bright, warm palette that characterised his celebrated Tahitian landscapes and figure paintings. Gauguin was initially attracted by the freedom, wilderness and simplicity of this remote place far removed from the Western world, stating in an interview: ‘I’’m leaving so I can be at peace and can rid myself of civilisation’’s influence. I want to create only simple art. To do that, I need to immerse myself in virgin nature, see only savages, live their life, with no care other than to portray, as would a child, the concepts in my brain’’ (quoted in Gauguin Tahiti (exhibition catalogue), Musée d’’Orsay, Paris, 2003-04, p. 19). Arriving in Papeete in Tahiti on 9th June 1891, he took some months to accustom himself to his new surroundings; dismayed at first by the colonial influences he observed in Papeete he decided to go in search of more remote and untouched surroundings, settling in the small village of Mataiea. There Gauguin was able to observe the Tahitian way of life and, as he had anticipated, this new environment provided him with a wealth of inspiration. As Isabelle Cahn describes: ‘At Mataiea, Gauguin lived in a fare in close proximity with the village’’s inhabitants. He observed their daily life, noted their gestures, studied their language, steeped himself in the rhythm of their daily life and savoured an existence entirely devoted to his art’’ (I. Cahn, ‘The First Stay on Tahiti, June 1891-June 1893’’, in Gauguin Polynesia (exhibition catalogue), Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, 2011-12, p. 164). The works that he painted there reveal a fluidity and expressiveness in the brushstrokes that reflect this sense of artistic liberation. According to the artist’’s own account, ‘Everything I do springs from my wild imagination. And when I am tired of painting human figures […], I begin a still life, which I finish, by the way, without a model’’ (letter to Ambroise Vollard, January 1900). Having spent two years in Tahiti, in July 1893 Gauguin returned to France, in order to sell his paintings and raise funds for subsequent travels. After twenty-two months of energetic and intense activity of self-promotion, the artist left Marseille on 3rd July 1895. In September he arrived once again Papeete; finding the town even less agreeable than on his first trip, he quickly moved on, renting a small plot of land in Punaauia where he lived in a traditional Tahitian hut made of bamboo canes and palm leaves. During this second – and ultimately enduring – stay, Gauguin once again became immersed in the colourful culture and rituals of Tahiti. Fascinated by the simple lifestyle of an island unencumbered by civilisation, Gauguin painted the world that surrounded him. To a traveller from Europe, mangoes – which grew in abundance in Tahiti – must have seemed symbolic of the rich and colourful landscape of these islands. The fruit of the earth represented a part of the everyday life of the islanders, not only as a source of food but as an offering to the gods, and this is reflected in Gauguin’’s work. Mangoes and other fruit often appear as an integral part of larger compositions, sometimes in the scenes that depict men and women picking or eating the fruit (figs. 1 & 5), but also in a decorative context, accompanying figures sitting or reclining in an outdoor environment, surrounded by attributes of nature (fig. 2). Gauguin’’s monumental Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? of 1897 is dominated by the central figure of a man stretching his arms up to pick a fruit. In Nature morte aux mangos, however, mangoes become the main motif of the painting. Still-lifes of fruit and flowers appear in Gauguin’’s œuvre from his early days in Brittany, executed in a more classical style influenced by Cézanne’’s treatment of the subject. The tilted perspective of the present work, however, also echoes Cézanne’’s more experimental approach to form and shape (fig. 6), imbuing the work with a remarkable energy and dynamism. In the sun-drenched environment of the South Seas, the simplicity of the life that surrounded him liberated the artist’’s technique and palette, resulting in the wild, vivid compositions like the present work and his La Théière et les fruits (fig. 4). Ingo F. Walther described this effect when discussing the present work, writing: ‘He presents flowers and fruits in the same way as people, with vivid immediacy and a sensuous fascination; whether animate or inanimate, everything in creation is a part of nature’’ (I. F. Walther, op. cit., p. 73). Gauguin’’s treatment of paint, applying the colours in thick brushstrokes to build the round, voluminous shapes of the fruit, is reminiscent of his depiction of nudes, while the combination of warm yellows and pinks with cooler blue and green tones resembles his handling of the island’’s abundant landscape. The dynamic, vibrant palette of the present painting reflects the richness of nature that excited the artist, dominated by strong, flame-like reds and yellows and clearly inspired by the sunshine that bathed everything around him. As Maurice Denis observed, Gauguin strove ‘to create the most sumptuous color harmonies in order to represent sunlight.’’ In his work, ‘instead of bleaching the color out of objects, [sunlight] exalts their hues, pushes them to the bursting point; it favors the art of painting, and authorizes any excess of color’’ (quoted in Charles Kunstler, Gauguin, peintre maudit, Paris, 1937, p. 151). Whilst Gauguin shared the obsession with the ‘primitive’’ and ‘savage’’ with a number of leading artists – from nineteenth-century Symbolists to Fauve and German Expressionist painters – he was the artist who ventured furthest in the quest for these ideals. A fascinating and highly accomplished image of the harmony between the natural and the man-made, Nature morte aux mangos is a powerful testament not only to Gauguin’’s own creative vision, but also to the artistic and spiritual ideal of his time.
Auction: Auctionata -Jun 6, 2015 - New YorkLot number: 4
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Gaugin created this woodcut after he traveled to Tahiti in the early 1890s. There, he found inspiration in Oceanic art. The composition, in particular the placement of the central figure, is inspired by Oceanic sculpture. The title of the woodcut, “Te Atua” loosely translates to “God” or “The Gods” in Maori. Maori is closely related to the Tahitian language. Executed in 1988 and printed in 1955, this color woodcut on thin Japan paper is numbered in eighty-four from an edition of one hundred. The dimensions of the piece are 9 ½ x 9 inches. The piece is in overall good condition with no evidence of tears or repairs. Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903) Paul Gauguin was born in 1848 in Paris of a Breton father and a Peruvian Creole mother. As a small child, Paul was taken to Peru to live with an eccentric but affectionate great-uncle, Don Pio Tristan until he was six, when his mother took him back to France. Lacking a formal education, he left the French Navy and settled in Paris, occasionally painting. There, he earned a comfortable living in a banking house. After meeting the painter Pissarro in 1883, Gauguin left the stock market and became a professional painter. With the help of Theo Van Gogh, Vincent’’’’s art dealer brother, Gauguin traveled to Arles to stay with Vincent at his request. Eventually Gauguin left Paris for Tahiti, which would up being the inspiration for what was to be many paintings, drawings and prints influenced by Tahitian art. Color woodcut on thin Japan paper France, circa 1899 (printed in 1995) Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) – French Post-Impressionist artist Numbered in pencil lower right 84/100’’’’ Printed by Luc Guérin, Paris Published by des Amis du Musée Gaugin, Tahiti With the original cloth slip cover and title page Kornfeld 53 Full margins Dimensions: 9 1/2 x 9 in. (24 x 22.75 cm.) Very good condition This object is sold through the New York office
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PAUL GAUGUIN Auti te Pape. Woodcut on Chine volant, 1893-94. 205x355 mm; 8 1/8x14 inches, full margins. Edition of 100. Signed by the artist's son, Pola Gauguin, inscribed "imp." and "Paul Gauguin fait" in pencil, lower margin, and inscribed "no. 41" in pencil, upper left. A very good, well-inked impression with strong contrasts. Kornfeld 13.
Auction: Christie's -Apr 22, 2015 - LondonLot number: 235
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Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) Mahna No Varua Ino (The Devil Speaks) woodcut printed in red, yellow and black with touches of hand-colouring in red watercolour, 1893-94, on heavy Japan paper, an impression of the fourth, final state, from the edition of approximately 25-35 impressions printed by Louis Roy, Paris, 1894, the sheet reduced by circa 130 mm. into the subject at right, otherwise trimmed to the subject, a tiny paper loss at the left sheet edge Sheet: 202 x 226 mm.
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Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) Manao Tupapau (K. 20IVfb), 1893-94 Woodcut in black on Chine paper, the fourth (final) state, annotated in pencil by the artist's son 'Paul Gauguin imp./Pola Gauguin fait' and numbered 58 (from the edition of 100), published/printed by Pola Gauguin, Copenhagen, 1921, with margins, framed. 8 x 14in sheet 10 3/8 x 17in