Bonhams /Jun 23, 2014
€1,000,187.37 - €1,500,281.06
Artworks in Arcadja834
Some works of Paul GauguinExtracted between 834 works in the catalog of Arcadja
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Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) Manao Tupapau (K. 20IVfb), 1893-94 Woodcut in black on Chine paper, the fourth (final) state, annotated in pencil by the artist's son 'Paul Gauguin imp./Pola Gauguin fait' and numbered 58 (from the edition of 100), published/printed by Pola Gauguin, Copenhagen, 1921, with margins, framed. 8 x 14in sheet 10 3/8 x 17in
Auction: Mallet Japan -Jul 4, 2014 - TokyoLot number: 201
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Paul Gauguin, Pastorales Martinique (Guerin 9), zincograph, 1889, on canary yellow paper, signed and titled on the plate, a rare impression from the first edition, published by the artist, Paris, printed by E. Ancourt, with margins, the paper colour bright and fresh, pale soiling in places in the margins, two tape remains at the reverse of the upper sheet edge, otherwise in good condition, framed, P.18.5x22.2cm S.30.8x48.8cm Guerin 9
Auction: Sotheby's -Jun 24, 2014 - LondonLot number: 137
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This work will be included in the supplement to the Paul Gauguin Catalogue critique being prepared by the Wildenstein Institute. Provenance Private Collection Sale: Fattorri & Rois, Granville, 4th December 2005, lot 86 Purchased at the above sale by the present owner PROPERTY FROM A DISTINGUISHED EUROPEAN COLLECTION Paul Gauguin 1848 - 1903 CHARETTE DE VARECH - RECTO PAYSAGE BRETON - VERSO signed P.G (lower right) - verso watercolour and pastel on paper - recto graphite on paper - verso 17.6 by 27.8cm., 6⅞ by 11in. Executed in 1891. Executed on cream wove paper, not laid down, taped to a window mount at the corners, and floating in the mount. The sheet is slightly time stained and the upper edge has been torn from a sketch book. There is a tear to the upper right corner and a crease to the lower right corner. There is some previous mount staining visible along the edges and some spots of foxing and discolouration. There are two pin holes along the right part of the upper edge, and there is a small tear (5mm) towards the left of the upper edge. The colours remain bright and fresh. On the reverse there are a few minor spots of discolouration. Otherwise this work is in good condition. "In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."
Auction: Bonhams -Jun 23, 2014 - LondonLot number: 12
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Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903) Bouquet de roses signed and dated 'p Gauguin 84' (lower right) oil on canvas 46.4 x 55.4cm (18 1/4 x 21 13/16in). Painted in 1884 Footnotes This work will be included in the critical catalogue of the work of Paul Gauguin being prepared by the Wildenstein Institute. Provenance Private collection, Switzerland. Belinda Thomson Honorary Professor, History of Art, University of Edinburgh Guest Curator of the 2010 Tate exhibition, Gauguin: Maker of Myth Gauguin is an artist full of surprises. Who would have associated the enigmatic painter of Tahitians with this delightfully fresh and uncomplicated Bouquet de roses ? Previously unknown even to Gauguin scholars, it is a most welcome discovery.[i] But of course, Gauguin painted still lifes throughout his career. Some of these, from his debut in the mid-1870s, look like demonstrations of his talent and follow the conventions of realist painting. For instance he painted oysters, glasses and bottles for their reflective surfaces, fruits of assorted shapes and tints that cast shadows onto crisply folded white linen tablecloths, the classic trompe l'oeil device of the foreshortened knife. Indeed an early example, painted on a rough wooden support, depicts roses in a glass (W. 25, now lost). Soon Gauguin began to devise more idiosyncratic compositions. Flowers arranged in distinctive containers were sometimes coupled with a mandolin or sheet music or set against a "tapis" (rug or table cloth) of quite complex pattern. Gauguin regularly included still lifes in his submissions to the Impressionist exhibitions. The strikingly unusual, moderately sized painting Les Deux pots (W. 60, Art Institute of Chicago) may well have been the Nature morte he exhibited at the 5th Impressionist exhibition in 1880 and he showed floral still lifes in 1881, 1882 and 1886 as well. Bouquet de Roses , however, makes no attempt to intrigue by juxtposing disparate objects. It is painted on a standard size 10 portrait canvas, probably prepared and stretched by the artist himself.[ii] This was a practice he had begun in 1879.[iii] We are presented with a simple, relatively conventional arrangement of yellow roses in a straight-sided blue-grey ceramic receptacle, which seems to have a curved handle placed on a slant: possibly a pottery tankard, possibly a two-handled vase, its oblique position prevents our knowing. Unlike other such receptacles it does not occur in more than one of the artist's compositions. The six visible roses are shown at different stages of maturity: one is still a bud, two are half open, two fully so. As though they have only just been arranged, the sixth rose lies on a table or sideboard partially covered with a rumpled piece of blue material, whose main purpose is surely to provide a colour contrast. A distinction can be made between Gauguin's careful handling of the flowers themselves and his freer treatment of the background where the brushstrokes form visible vertical striations. Nevertheless there are some quite emphatic and bold red and blue dabs used in the rose to the far left, and to emphasise the contours of the vase handle and the rose to lower right Gauguin has used the end of his brush to score into the paint surface. The particular variety of rose, with its delicate creamy yellow petals tinged with apricot (the colour used for the signature), is probably identifiable to a rose fancier: in colour resembling the 'Peace' rose, its flowers are perhaps too small, suggesting instead a climbing rose such as 'Easlea's Golden Rambler'.[iv] The blooms are palpable and totally convincing and one notices the precise tone chosen for the slightly limp serrated leaves - a dull blue green. Although Edouard Manet painted many casual and spontaneous-looking floral still-lifes - and several had been recently displayed in the artist's posthumous exhibition[v] - the artist most closely associated with still-lifes of roses at this period was Henri Fantin-Latour. Gauguin, like other artists, would have been aware that this aspect of Fantin's work had been enjoying success on the British market for decades (witness the presence, today, of Fantin-Latour still lifes in many British public collections). This was thanks in no small part to the active promotion of his friends and dealers Edwin and Ruth Edwards, but right into the 1880s, after they had fallen out, Fantin's steady income from flower painting left him free to explore other more personal and imaginative, but less marketable, subject matter. So did Fantin-Latour perhaps serve as a practical example for Gauguin at this critical juncture in his career, leading him briefly to explore the popular genre of floral still life? In 1884, after all, Gauguin had only recently decided to "work night and day and take the bull by the horns" to prove that he could earn a living through his brush.[vi] Previously he had been a shrewd player of the Paris money markets and, as his mentor Camille Pissarro was persuaded, his determination and business acumen would ensure that he succeeded in his mid-career change of vocation, come what may. Although one does not readily associate the two artists' names, Gauguin mentions Fantin-Latour respectfully in Racontars de rapin , the essay he sent to André Fontainas in Paris from the Marquesas Islands in 1902.[vii] In his roll-call of the significant French artists of the second half of the nineteenth century, he placed Fantin-Latour after Degas and Puvis de Chavannes (both of whom he revered) and before Cazin. Gauguin departs from Fantin-Latour's practice of using a warm neutral brown background however: in Bouquet de roses , he selects, instead, varying tints of quite bold blue, stronger for the fabric on the table top, paler for the wall behind the flowers. If the canvas surely dates to the early summer, in keeping with the season for these roses, the date, 1884, clearly inscribed alongside his signature in the typical way he had of signing that year, may hold the clue to the work's surprisingly sweet and gentle character.[viii] 1884 was a lean year in France, when a major financial crisis was affecting the whole French economy, including the Impressionists' dealer Paul Durand-Ruel. Devising schemes to circumvent the dealer of whom he was vehemently critical, Gauguin was actively cultivating patrons in Paris, Rouen and Scandinavia. Gauguin had brought his family to Rouen from Paris in order to reduce their living costs. Initially, he had believed he could find buyers in this city of rich merchants, planning to build up contacts notably among the Scandinavian traders.[ix] With this end in sight Gauguin painted a number of still lifes, mainly of flowers, as well as landscapes of the locality. Gauguin was in the habit of classifying his style and subject matter according to the "douce/raide" opposition, where "douce" meant pleasing and "raide" meant difficult, uncompromising. Thus, when sending works to be included in the Christiania Kunstudstilling in Norway that autumn, Gauguin chose "eight canvases, the largest of which is size 30 and the smallest size 10, all painted here and in my most uncompromising manner. I wanted to present myself there violently rather than in a half-hearted way."[x] Among his still lifes, one would undoubtedly put a work such as Bouquet de roses or indeed Sorbier (Rowan) (fig.) on the "douce" side, while on the more "raide" side one might place a still life such as Capucines et dahlias dans une corbeille , 1884 (W. 150, Oslo National Gallery), which is thought to be one of the eight canvases Gauguin sent to Norway. This identification has been made on the basis of its provenance, for Capucines et dahlias and two other exhibited works all passed through the collection of Pauline Horst, née Gad, Gauguin's sister-in-law who was briefly married to Hermann, the brother of Fritz Thaulow the Norwegian painter. Another work thought to have been exhibited in Oslo was Clovis endormi , 1884, (W. 151, Private Collection) whose dimensions are identical to those of Bouquet de Roses . By November 1884, however, giving up the struggle in Rouen, the Gauguins moved on to Copenhagen where Mette could earn money from translation work and had her family for support, while Gauguin would seek to earn a living as representative of the Dillies tarpaulin firm from Roubaix. We have little information about the early history of Bouquet de Roses . It was apparently given by the artist to its first owner, and may have been painted specifically for that individual. Several of the 1884 works are dedicated to friends who had supported Gauguin - for instance, Emile Schuffenecker - or to acquaintances made in Rouen such as the Manthey family whose name appears on two works, a landscape and a portrait. A still life is dedicated to Theodor Gad, his brother-in-law (W. 145, National Gallery of Art, Washington); a landscape of Rouen and the Seine valley is dedicated, perhaps retrospectively, to "mon ami William Lund" (W. 123). Given the elaborate meanings that could be attached to the composition of a bouquet in the nineteenth century, one wonders whether these yellow roses carried any symbolic meaning in Gauguin's mind. It seems doubtful. At any event such symbolic meanings could be contradictory. According to the Nouveau langage des fleurs , 1871, yellow roses signified "amour conjugal".[xi] According to the popular Le Petit Langage des fleurs , which went through many editions, yellow roses had a less positive meaning: they represented "infidélité". [xii] [i] Bouquet de roses will be included in a future supplement of the Wildenstein catalogue raisonné . See Daniel Wildenstein (ed.), Gauguin: premier itinéraire d'un sauvage, catalogue de l'oeuvre peint (1873-1888), compiled by Sylvie Crussard and Martine Heudron, 2 vols. Paris and Milan, 2001. References to this catalogue are henceforth given as "W." followed by the relevant catalogue number. [ii] For the standard sizes of stretchers and canvases, see Anthea Callen, The Art of Impressionism, Painting technique & the making of modernity, Yale 2000, p. 15. [iii] Gauguin told Camille Pissarro, in a letter of 26 September 1879, that he had started to stretch his own canvases and had a carpenter to make the stretchers for him, pleased to be saving money in this way. cf. Victor Merlhès (ed.), Correspondance de Paul Gauguin , vol. 1, 1873-1888, Paris, 1984, 11, p. 16. [iv] cf. Roy Hay and Patrick M. Synge, The Dictionary of Garden Plants, 1969, Rosa 'Easlea's Golden Rambler,' 1989, pp. 249, 353. [v] This took place at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in January 1884. [vi] "je veux travailler jour et nuit prendre le taureau par les cornes", Letter to Camille Pissarro, 11 October 1883, in Merlhès, op. cit. 1984, 41, p. 55. [vii] Victor Merlhès, ed., Gauguin, Racontars de rapin, fac-similé du manuscrit , Taravao, Tahiti, 1994. [viii] I am grateful to Sylvie Crussard for confirming these points about technique and signature. Communication with the author, 14 May 2014. [ix] Gauguin's plan to "exploiter les Scandinaves de Rouen" was mentioned by the artist Federico Zandomeneghi in a letter to Camille Pissarro of 22 November 1883, cited in Merlhès, op. cit. 1984, p. 58. [x] "Mon envoi se compose de huit toiles dont la plus grande est de 30 et la plus petite de 10, toutes faites ici et les plus raides. J'ai voulu aller là-bas violemment plutôt qu'à moitié." Letter from Gauguin to Camille Pissarro of late September 1884, in Merlhès, op. cit. 1984, 53, p. 68. [xi] Le Nouveau Langage des fleurs avec introduction de Pierre Zaccone, Hachette, Paris, 1871. [xii] Le Petit langage des Fleurs , éditions de l'aube, 2004, probably a reprint of T. Lefèvre, Petit langage des fleurs , Paris, 1883.
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Paul Gauguin , b. Paris 1848, d. Fatu-Iwa 1903 "Bord de l'Aven" (The Banks of River Aven), Brittany, c. 1886-1888. Signed P.G. and attested on the reverse by his son, Pola Gauguin. Oil on canvas. 46 x 37 cm. This work will be included in the "Catalogue Critique de l'Oeuvre du Peintre Paul Gauguin" prepared by the Wildenstein Institute, Paris. Certificate from the Wildenstein Institute, Paris, signed by Guy Wildenstein and dated April 8, 2014, to follow this lot. Attested at the reverse by the artist's som, Pola Gauguin, December 14, 1955 in Copenhagen: "Je certifie que cette peinture est un oevre authentique de mon père Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), probablement 1885". Provenance: Professor, medical doctor Erik Husfeldt (1901-1984), Copenhagen. Provenance: Arne Bruun Rasmussen Auction 54, Copenhagen, October 1954 cat. no. 51, ill. in the catalogue. Provenance: Private collection, Denmark.