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Francesco Fidanza

Italy (1747 -  1819 )
FIDANZA Francesco A Winter Landscape

Palais Dorotheum
Oct 21, 2014
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Artworks in Arcadja
107

Some works of Francesco Fidanza

Extracted between 107 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Francesco Fidanza -  A Moonlit River Landscape With Fishermen Working By Torchlight

Francesco Fidanza - A Moonlit River Landscape With Fishermen Working By Torchlight

Original 1814
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Lot number: 407
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Description:
Francesco Fidanza (Città di Castello 1749–1819 Milan) A moonlit river landscape with fishermen working by torchlight, the Temple of Vesta in the right background, oil on canvas, 55.5x71.5cm, framed We are grateful to Marietta Vinci Corsini for confirming the attribution of the present painting on the basis of a high resolution digital photograph. This almost dreamy nocturnal scene is set on the shore of a river, lit by a full moon, with fishermen bringing in their nets by torchlight in the left middle ground. A single fisherman is standing on the shore in the immediate foreground, acting as a repoussoir. The well-balanced composition is structured around the figure of this lone fisherman standing in a central position. Like Claude Joseph Vernet, Charles François Lacroix (\‘Lacroix de Marseille\’) and Francesco Foschi, Fidanza would habitually frame his landscapes using a broad central view with a tree, boat, or monument, or, as in this case, with high rising rocky cliffs, according to a format that appealed to clients and became highly successful. The ruins of the temple at the edge of the cliffs bear resemblance with the Temple of Vesta in Tivoli. Fidanza\’s elegant oeuvre consists almost exclusively of seascapes in the style of Vernet. He studied drawing with his father Filippo, who had been a pupil of Claude Joseph Vernet and from whom he inherited a love of landscape painting. Landscapes were highly fashionable at the time, and were a favourite genre of nobility from Britain and Northern Europe who came to Italy on the Grand Tour and who would often return home with such paintings as souvenirs. These were not commissioned as merely decorative items but represented a personal gallery of experiences and images of the most significant sites encountered during their long sojourns. The inclusion of the Vesta temple in the present example suggests that this was a commission from a wealthy Grand Tour traveller. Nocturnal landscapes, together with winter landscapes, formed a particularly popular sub-genre. Fidanza, with his ability to create a misty and even mystical atmosphere, combining the romantic sense of the sublime with explicit references to reality, was very successful in this field. At the beginning of the new century Fidanza went to Paris. There he met an important patron, Count Sommariva, who commissioned him to paint a large number of canvases for his villa on Lake Como. While Vernet had been contracted by Louis XV to depict French ports, Fidanza was asked by Prince Eugène de Beauharnais - at that time Viceroy of Italy - to remain in his native land and paint views of the new kingdom\’s ports. He only completed six of these due to the fall of the Kingdom of Italy in 1814. Two paintings still exist today, while the others remain unidentified. Among the best-known of the works by Fidanza is the Stormy Seascape and View of an Estuary, in the Galleria Nazionale at the Palazzo Corsini, Rome (see S. Alloisi, Quadri senza casa dai depositi della Galleria Corsini, exhibition catalogue, Rome 1993). Others include the Seascape with a Sailing Boat and Fishermen in the Allomello collection (see S. Rudolph, La pittura del \‘700 a Roma, Milan 1983, no. 259); and the Seascape with a Tower and Seascape with Lighthouse formerly with the Galleria Lampronti in Rome (see G. Sestieri, Repertorio della pittura romana della fine del Seicento e del Settecento, Turin 1994, vol. I, p. 73, vol. II, figs. 411, 412). The Galleria d\’Arte Moderna in Milan owns three seascapes. Specialist: Mark Mac Donnell
Francesco Fidanza - A Rocky River Landscape With Fishermen On Rocks In The Foreground

Francesco Fidanza - A Rocky River Landscape With Fishermen On Rocks In The Foreground

Original
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Lot number: 139
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Francesco Fidanza (Rome 1747-1819 Milan) A rocky river landscape with fishermen on rocks in the foreground; and A tempestuous seascape with shipwrecked figures in the foreground the former inscribed 'Cav. Fidanza' (on the stretcher) a pair, oil on canvas, unlined 46.7 x 70.5cm (18 3/8 x 27 3/4in). (2) in their original elaborate 18th Century carved and gilt wood frames
Francesco Fidanza - A Winter Landscape With Travelers On A Snowy Path

Francesco Fidanza - A Winter Landscape With Travelers On A Snowy Path

Original
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Lot number: 303
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Lot Description

Francesco Fidanza (Rome 1747-1819 Milan) A winter landscape with travelers on a snowy path signed 'Franco Fidanza Romano' (lower center, on the rock) canvas 35 x 48¾ in. (88.9 x 123.8 cm.)

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Francesco Fidanza - A Winter Landscape

Francesco Fidanza - A Winter Landscape

Original
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Lot number: 104
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Description:
Francesco Fidanza
(Città di Castello 1749–1819 Milan)

A winter landscape with travellers by a stream and a waterfall, signed lower centre: Franc.co Fidanza Romano,

oil on canvas, 89 x 124 cm, framed

We are very grateful to Marietta Vinci Corsini for confirming this as a rare example of a winter landscape by Francesco Fidanza on the basis of photographs. Vinci Corsini intends to publish the painting in a forthcoming article, discussing the unique relationship of Francesco Foschis and Fidanza´s Winter landscapes.

This signed work is a rare winter landscape by Fidanza. It appears to be the only signed inverno by the artist to have appeared on the market recently. The fact that Fidanza painted winter scenes has sometimes been doubted by art historians and Luigi Salerno, in 1991, re-attributed a winter landscape in Budapest to his contemporary fellow Francesco Foschi (see L. Salemo, I pittori di vedute in Italia, Roma 1991, p. 297). Salerno considered all winter landscapes given to Fidanza to be works by Francesco Foschi, limiting the artists oeuvre exclusively to his better known seascapes in the style of Vernet. Even though the misty seascapes undoubtedly constitute the major part of Fidanza´s artistic output, Salerno in this assessment ignored the contemporary sources that often mentioned winter landscapes by Fidanza: Un Temps de neige was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1801

(see Explication des ouvrages de peinture et dessins. Sculpture, architecture et gravure des artistes vivants, Paris 1801, p. 2, no. 129) and another at the Salon of 1804, Une neige (see Explication des ouvrages de peinture et dessins. Sculpture, architecture et gravure des artistes vivants, Paris 1804, p. 30, no. 175). It was bought by Fidanza´s patron Count Sommariva for his Villa on Lake Como (see S. Ticozzi: Dizionario degli architetti, scultori, pittori, Milan 1831, vol. II, p. 72; F. De Boni: Biografia degli artisti, Venedig 1840, p. 358), and is believed to be identical with a painting now in Milan which Salerno also attributed to Foschi.. (see Salerno ibid., 1991, p. 298).

The present, signed work and an only recently identified signed winter landscape in the Musei Civici di Pavia (Inv. Nr. P531, oil on canvas 63 x 92, see fig.) prove how adept Fidanza was at working in the genre of winter landscapes, developing a style very simliar to that of Foschi. The signature of the Pavia painting, which is both in design and scale similar to the present work, was only recently rediscovered during restoration. The dreamy, evocative atmosphere is enhanced by a relatively monochrome palette.

Fidanza´s mastery in painting calm water surfaces, dramatic rock formations and misty foam, used also in his seascapes, is evident in the cool, almost unmoved surface of the stream, reflecting the rustic farmhouse in the centre, and the dramatic waterfall in the left background, a compositional feature also used in the Pavia painting.
additional picture:

Francesco Fidanza, Pavia, Musei Civici, Inv. P531
Francesco Fidanza - A Stormy Costal Landscape

Francesco Fidanza - A Stormy Costal Landscape

Original
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Lot number: 201
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Description:
Francesco Fidanza
(Rome 1747 - 1819 Milan), A stormy costal landscape with a wrecked ship and a lighthouse, oil on canvas, 74 x 97.5 cm, framed

Provenance: European private collection.

We are grateful to Prof. Giancarlo Sestieri for confirming the authenticity of the present painting (written communication, 27 March 2007).
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