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Benjamin Samuel Bolomey

(1739 -  1819 )
BOLOMEY Benjamin Samuel And Portrait Of Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina Of Prussia

Cheffins
Sep 22, 2010
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Artworks in Arcadja
2

Some works of Benjamin Samuel Bolomey

Extracted between 2 works in the catalog of Arcadja
Benjamin Samuel Bolomey - And Portrait Of Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina Of Prussia

Benjamin Samuel Bolomey - And Portrait Of Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina Of Prussia

Original
Estimate:

Price: Not disclosed
Lot number: 572
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
Benjamin Samuel Bolomey

(Swiss, 1739-1819)
Portrait of William V of Orange (1748-1806); and Portrait of Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange (1751-1820), his wife
oil on canvas (a pair)
h:118 w:90 cm

Provenance: Brigadier General Ballard, of Hadham Mill, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, by the late 19th Century, and by descent in a Hertfordshire country house

Literature: Benjamin Samuel Bolomey, 1739-1819: un peintre suisse a la Cour du Prince Guillaume V d'Orange, ed. Laurent Golay et al (Zwolle, 2001) in which there are several portraits of William V, generally showing him wearing the Garter (which he was awarded at the age of 4 !!) and one or two of Princess Wilhemina. Most are dated between 1769 and 1774.

Other Notes:
These exquisitely beautiful and rare portraits of William V of Orange and his consort have been in an English country house for the past 100 years. They are datable to c.1770 on the basis of similarities in composition and dress to a pair of full length paintings of the same sitters in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. William V is wearing the Garter Star and Little George and Princess Wilhelmina is wearing the Order of St Anna, a Russian Order.

Bolomey was a painter, illustrator and engraver, born in Lausanne on May 19th 1739. He studied in Paris from 1748 at the Académie Royale de peinture under the guidance of Joseph Marie Vien. He was also influenced by François Boucher (1703-1770) and Maurice-Quentin de la Tour (1704-1788). Boucher's delicate rococo sensuality and de la Tour's sensitive attention to both physiognomy and character are amply reflected in Bolomey's own portrait works. Bolomey worked in The Hague from 1762-91 where he became official portraitist to William V, whom he painted more than twenty times; he was also director of the Academy Pictura. From there, he went to Paris before returning to Lausanne in 1792, where he died in 1819. One of his pupils in the Netherlands was Jean-Georges Teissier (1750-1821).

William V (1748-1806) also known as Willem V of Orange was the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic and he presided over the republic's terminal decline. He assumed the position of Stadtholder (chief executive and military commander) in 1766 after a long regency first by his mother and then by the Duke of Brunswick following the death of his father Wilhelm IV in 1751 when he was only three years old. In 1767 William married Princess Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina of Prussia (1751-1820), a niece of Frederick the Great and sister of the later King Frederick William II, henceforth known as Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange. His court became a significant musical centre and he was also one of the most important art collectors of his age. His political career was less fortunate. Dutch support for the cause of the American colonies was driven by hopes of a profitable Atlantic trade but led in fact to war with England in 1780. The ignominious defeat of the Dutch in 1784 prompted the development of domestic opposition and in 1787 a group of young Patriots challenged William's rule. In response to demands for William's abdication, his wife called on her brother to send Prussian troops who suppressed the Patriots. Princess Frederika was feted as the saviour and true ruler of the Dutch Republic but in 1795 the Patriots returned in the wake of the invading French revolutionary army. William and Frederika fled into exile in England. After 1795 William and his consort lived variously at Hampton Court (until November 1801), Nassau, Brunswick or Oranienburg. William died at Brunswick in 1806, the same year that the Dutch Republic was transformed into a monarchy under King Louis Napoleon. Princess Wilhelmina remained in Germany but lived to see her son crowned King William I of the Netherlands in 1813. In 1814 she settled in the Netherlands again and died at Het Loo in 1820.

We are grateful to Dr Joachim Whaley for his help with the catalogue entry.

The painting measures 90.5 x 118 cm and is framed in a gilt and gesso frame which has some losses along the bottom edge and a carved garland and crown which needs to be reattached to the upper member. The painting has been lined in the past and is now tensioned onto a new pine stretcher with one horizontal cross bar and with a loose lining (fabric attached to the stretcher to provide extra support for the painting). The painting has suffered from extensive damage in the past. Old tears and holes in the canvas, which have now been mended and retouched, are visible. These are located in the background to the right of the sitter's head and continue into the costume area and the left side of the face. It appears as though old holes have been mended using canvas inserts in two areas in the upper costume. The painting has also been previously cleaned; when viewed in ultraviolet light residues of varnish can be seen fluorescing green with the retouchings showing up as darker areas.
Despite the old damages the painting is in a reasonable condition. There is a general layer of dirt across the surface but the paint layer and support are stable. The painting is currently held in its frame with bent nails and it is recommended that a more secure system of framing should be used to replace this.

Saltmarsh Paintings Conservation
Polly Saltmarsh PG Dip. (Courtauld)
3 Duck End, Girton, Cambridge, CB3 0PZ
Email: pollysaltmarsh@hotmail.com
Phone: 07942 788835
Condition report for a pair of paintings depicting William V of Orange and his wife Wilhelmina of Prussia.
19th August 2010
The paintings were examined at the offices of Cheffins in Cambridge. Both portraits are executed in oil on canvas supports.
William V of Orange
The painting measures 90.5 x 118 cm and is framed in a gilt and gesso frame which has some losses along the bottom edge and a carved garland and crown which needs to be reattached to the upper member. The painting has been lined in the past and is now tensioned onto a new pine stretcher with one horizontal cross bar and with a loose lining (fabric attached to the stretcher to provide extra support for the painting). The painting has suffered from extensive damage in the past. Old tears and holes in the canvas, which have now been mended and retouched, are visible. These are located in the background to the right of the sitter's head and continue into the costume area and the left side of the face. It appears as though old holes have been mended using canvas inserts in two areas in the upper costume. The painting has also been previously cleaned; when viewed in ultraviolet light residues of varnish can be seen fluorescing green with the retouchings showing up as darker areas.
Despite the old damages the painting is in a reasonable condition. There is a general layer of dirt across the surface but the paint layer and support are stable. The painting is currently held in its frame with bent nails and it is recommended that a more secure system of framing should be used to replace this.
Wilhelmina of Prussia
The painting measures 91.8 x 119 cm and is framed in a similar frame as that of the portrait of William V. The painting has suffered from similar damage and repair to its companion, although to a lesser degree. The painting has been lined and is now tensioned onto a new pine stretcher with vertical and horizontal cross bars with extra support provided by a loose lining. There is a general craquelure pattern overall, in the area of the sitter's décolletage the craquelure is slightly raised. An old tear which has been mended and retouched extends from the left side of the sitter's face into the costume. There are small, scattered retouchings across the painting. In the background, small dark circles are visible which appear to be a phenomenon in the paint layer rather than later retouching or dirt.
Despite the old damages the painting is in a reasonable condition. There is a general layer of dirt across the surface but the paint layer and support are stable. The painting is currently held in the frame with bent nails and it is recommended that a more secure system of framing should be used to replace this.

The King's Crown from the frame is missing - some of the leaves are available but loose.
Benjamin Samuel Bolomey - Portrait Of A Gentleman, Bust Length, In A Drawn Oval Frame

Benjamin Samuel Bolomey - Portrait Of A Gentleman, Bust Length, In A Drawn Oval Frame

Original 1786
Estimate:

Price: Not disclosed
Lot number: 169
Other WORKS AT AUCTION
Description:
Benjamin Samuel Bolomey (1738-1819)
Portrait of a gentleman, bust length, in a drawn oval frame
signed and dated \\`\\`\\`\\`Bolomeij 1786'
pencil, watercolour heightened with white
16,5 x 12,5 cm.
Lot Notes
The artist was born and died in Lausanne, but worked in Hollandin 1763-91.
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